Read/review the following resources for this activity:
- Textbook: Chapters 13, 14
- Lecture 1, 2
- Link (website): Church Committee Reports Archive
- Link (website): The CIA’s Family Jewels
- Link (website): Spying in a transparent world, ethics, and intelligence in the 21st century
- Link (website): The Operation that killed Bin Laden
- Link (website): U.S. National Intelligence: An Overview
- Link (PDF): The 9/11 Commission Report (Chapter 13)
- Link (PDF): National strategy for information sharing and safeguarding
- Link (website): The WMD Commission Report
- Link (website): ‘Curveball’: I Lied about WMD to Hasten Iraq War
- Link (PDF): The Worldwide Threat Assessment
Efforts to improve, alter, or reorganize the intelligence community are as old as the
What are the human elements that can complicate intelligence reform? Can you find past examples that support your position from past accounts in a journal article or newspaper? You may also find some useful information in the resources section above.
Read postings provided by your instructor or fellow students. Read and respond to the conclusions drawn by your classmates. Remember to read the feedback to your own major postings and reply throughout the week.
- In addition to one initial post, respond to at least two peers.
- Initial Post Length: minimum of 250 words
- Secondary Post Length: minimum of 200 words per post
- Using APA format, provide at least one citation with corresponding references page and use appropriate in-text citation(s) referring to the academic concept for the initial post.
student 1: “Humans and their expectation of not being taken advantaged of are always getting in the way of intelligence advancements. I mean it is just a little water boarding, what is the big deal… Of course that was sarcasm, but there is the issue of human rights overall that play a big role in the intelligence world. There have been studies that have suggested that torture does not provide accurate information and intelligence. It has been suggested that most people will say what they think you want to hear, just to get torture to stop. One of the issues is also not so much that the CIA engages in torture, but “The CIA and some of the other intelligence agencies have been notorious for encouraging (or otherwise associating with) those committing gross human rights atrocities—i.e. torture, ill-treatment, disappearances, and extrajudicial executions—or similar violations of the laws of war” (Salinas,1997, para 7).
When this type of situation presents itself, and the U.S. intelligence
Salinas, C. (1997) Human Rights and Intelligence Reform. Institute for Policy Studies. Retrieved
student 2:”As we have learned from our reading this week in Lowenthal and our class lectures, often in the intelligence
After the events of 9/11 and the failure of the intel community, several bipartisan and independent commissions were developed to review the condition and actions of the intelligence community. Most of them came to the same conclusion and identified several areas of reform — many of these dealt with the human element of intelligence. Two human aspects were identified as most vital for reform (Rosenbach and Peritz, 2009).
The first was collection and analysis. Several of the committees found there was a critical weakness in the intelligence communities’ human intelligence (HUMINT) collection efforts. The investigations found the need for greater integration of analysis and collection disciplines (Rosenbach and Peritz, 2009).
Secondly, it was in human capital itself. According to the various committees, a number of people working in the intelligence world had become complacent since the Cold War era. The members of the intel community were well-positioned to combat an enemy like the old U.S.S.R.. However, the average intelligence analyst had not evolved- culturally, demographically, or linguistically. This lack of evolution made them ill-equipped to target the diverse modern threats in the post-Cold War era and today’s environment of non-state sponsored terrorist groups (Rosenbach and Peritz, 2009).
The findings from these investigations and the desire from Congress to make reforms in our nation’s intelligence-gathering led to the most drastic change in the intel community since its creation. In September 2004, Congress passed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (IRTPA). The IRTPA addressed several of the human aspects identified by the post 9/11 investigations (Rosenbach and Peritz, 2009).
Some of the most prominent aspect to reforms with the human element was to implement a five-year strategic human capital plan that would broaden the intelligence communities talent pool and compensate employees according to their performance. The act also called for a 12-month rotation in other agencies as a prerequisite for promotions to
I recently read an article in the Federal News Magazine that shows fifteen years after the IRTPA was passed, the intelligence community is still facing issues with regards to the human element. The article noted that there are still issues with intel agencies being able to hire recruited employees due to problems with obtaining a security clearance. One disqualifying factor, for obtaining specific clearances, can be financial
I think just the nature of the intelligence community will always be faced with issues regarding the human aspect.
Korsog, K. (2019). Week 7 – Lecture 2 Slides. Retrieved from https://online.tiffin.edu/course/view.php?id=19308
Lowenthal, M. (2017). Intelligence: from secrets to policy. Los Angles, CA: CQ Press.
Moges, A. (2019, November 22). IC faces human capital challenges like any component of government. Federal News Network. Retrieved from https://federalnewsnetwork.com/intelligence-commun…
Rosenbach, E., and Peritz, A. (2009, July). Confrontation or Collaboration: Congress and the Intelligence Community. The Intelligence and Policy Project of Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Retrieved from https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/intellige…