The Great Barrier Reef is an oceanic jewel located in the eastern coast of Queensland, Australia, and it is the largest system of coral reefs found on Earth. It is a geological feature that is half alive (corals, sponges, shellfish, fish, etc.) and half inanimate (calcium carbonate rocky reefs). Was this Great Barrier Reef always there? When did it appear? How in the world this geologic and biologic feature formed? How is it continually surviving? Why is it so amazingly long (about 1,400 miles) and why is it considered the largest biologically created structure in the world? Is this planetary place biodiversity-poor or biodiversity-rich? Why? What has been its evolutionary history? Why is the Great Barrier Reef in the place where it is right now and not in, say, India? Is the Great Barrier Reef dying, or is it still growing? How can you visit and study the Great Barrier Reef? Can the Great Barrier Reef exist without humans? Do we get anything from the Great Barrier Reef? If an alien visits Earth and asks you about the maintenance, sustenance, and continual existence of the Great Barrier Reef, what would be your answer? Is this Great Barrier Reef directly or indirectly connected to other coral reefs of the world? What species are salient or most important in the Great Barrier Reef? Can we do something to restore whatever has been destroyed from the Great Barrier Reef?
Investigate about the Earth Science of the Great Barrier Reef and write an essay about it. The questions provided above are to motivate you to investigate about this topic; you do not need to answer them one by one. The essay must be at least four paragraphs long, and each paragraph must contain at least five sentences (you can write more than four paragraphs and more than five sentences per paragraph if you wish to do so). The content of your essay must be written entirely in your OWN words. Use in-text citations in parenthesis (APA style) if you paraphrase information from other authors. Paraphrasing is not copy-pasting or copying and changing a few words from other authors’ writings – it is writing it in your OWN words to explain the authors’ writings. Only when necessary you can quote, but these quotes do not count towards the last tally of the number of paragraphs and sentences required from your OWN writing. You must cite and list at least three references on this topic at the end of your essay (use APA style).