criminal justice 142

I need the following 4 questions answered with 300 words per question and 1 reference for each.. keep it in the question and answer format.

  • What are the various perspectives of policing functions at the state level? How do these perspectives differ from those at the federal level in regard to organizational levels and management? How can we improve these organizational functions at the local, state, and federal levels? Explain.
  • What are the current trends regarding the development and operation of policing? How does trending (past, present, and future) affect the ability to plan for development and operational aspects of policing? How can we improve the reliability of trending analysis to better plan for the future? Explain.
  • What is an example of some of the leadership characteristics and responsibilities within policing organizations? How do these leadership characteristics translate into overall organizational effectiveness? What recommendations would you suggest so that policing organizations are more successful?
  • Where does organizational management differ from administration? How does organizational management and administration affect operational aspects of policing? Is there a better solution to the administration of policing organizations? Explain.