1) COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING EXERCISE

2) COME UP WITH ANSWERS FOR THE GROUP PORTION

GROUP EXERCISES

Stranded in the Desert: An Exercise in Decision-Making

Introduction: The goal of this exercise is to examine effective group decision making. In this exercise, students work individually and in groups to decide which gear is essential to surviving a week in the desert.

Objectives:

1. To determine the effectiveness of individual versus group decision-making

Instructions:

1. Individually read the scenario and complete the “pack item ranking sheet”. You may not consult with anyone else inside or outside the class. You must make the decision alone.
1. Form into groups of 5 and review the rules.
• Present your position, but listen carefully and weigh others’ positions as well.
• Avoid changing your mind just to reach consensus.
• Don’t use techniques such as: flipping a coin, majority rule, or bargaining.
• Don’t assume there is a winner and a loser. Work on compromising: finding the most acceptable solution for everyone.
• Make sure everyone has a say.
1. Each group member then computes the difference between his or her ranking of each item and the group ranking. Individuals record this number in the column marked “influence” (an example is below). This number represents the extent the individual influenced his or her group to his or her way of thinking. The lower the number, the more influence the individual had in the group decision-making. Individuals compare this number to the other group members. Compute an average group influence score.

Example influence score:

Subtract the group ranking from the individual ranking.

My ranking for flashlight: 8

Group ranking for flashlight: 4

Difference/influence score: 4

Avoid using positive/negative numbers use the absolute value.

My ranking for denim jacket: 3

Group ranking: 10

Difference/influence score: 7

A recorder for the group must post the following group answers and all the scoring information on Canvas by the deadline.

• Which items did the group rank as most important?
• Based on the influence scores, did your group make an effective decision?
• Which group members had the most influence on your group’s decisions? Why?

Stranded in the Desert

A flashlight

A Swiss Army knife

One canteen filled with water

A denim jacket with a pack of cheese and peanut butter crackers in the pocket

Three dented cans of soda

½ gallon of whiskey

Approximately 8 feet of nylon rope

A water purification kit

A pack of matches

A compass

A cellphone with one bar of power

Pack Item Ranking Sheet

Instructions:

1. Individually rank the remaining pack items from 10 (most important to survival) to 1 (least important to survival). Record these rankings in the “individual ranking” column.
2. As a group rank the remaining pack items from 10 (most important to survival) to 1 (least important to survival). Record these rankings in the “group ranking” column.
3. Compute the difference between your individual ranking and the group ranking and record this number in the “influence” column.
 Pack items Individual ranking Group ranking Influence Flashlight Swiss Army Knife Canteen Denim jacket Soda Whiskey Nylon rope Water purification kit Matches Compass Cellphone