prepare a 10-15 minute Power Point presentation on your topic, The bulk of the t

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Assignment 1 LASA  2:
PowerPoint Presentation

  • Utilizing the information you
    compiled for your literature review paper, prepare a 10-15 minute Power Point
    presentation on your topic (What are
    the Causes & Affects of Person Perception?), summarizing the key
    points and conclusions. Be sure to direct this presentation to an audience in
    the community. For example, if your paper pertained to a topic in developmental
    psychology, direct your presentation toward parents, or a parenting center. If
    your topic pertained to substance abuse, direct it toward a community service
    agency which may use this information for educating teens or parents about
    preventing drug use, or current clients about treatments and facilities
    available. Please state in your presentation the specific audience toward whom
    your presentation is aimed. Include a reference page in APA format, as well as
    speaker notes and an audio file with your presentation.

Your slides should provide answers
to the following questions: 

  • What was your topic?
  • What question did you hope to answer by completing this
    literature review paper? Explain the practical implications of the
    conclusions of the literature review and the audience to which they are
    directed.
  • Given the results of your literature review, what is/are
    the prevailing argument(s)? In other words, which of those is supported by
    the existing evidence? Be sure to include full coverage of the arguments,
    including strengths and weaknesses of each of them, supported by your
    findings from reviewing the relevant articles.
  • Did the researchers consider multicultural factors in
    their studies? If not, what factors may be involved? What multicultural
    factors should future studies include?
  • What ethical issues are related to your topic and/or
    discussed in the studies you reviewed?
  • How do the conclusions of your literature review relate
    to the various specialization areas in psychology? Tie them to as many as
    apply from the following areas: biological, cognitive, developmental,
    social, personality theory, psychopathology, and applied psychology.
  • How can the conclusions of your literature review
    inform the population towards whom your presentation is directed? How can
    they apply this information to their daily lives? What advice or ‘take
    home message’ can you provide to your audience based on the research you
    reviewed?
  • What research question could you ask in order to
    further develop this area of study?
  • Why is your research question important and relevant to
    the current work being done on your topic?

Your presentation should also follow
these guidelines:

  • It should be approximately 10-15 minutes in length.
  • It should be clear, concise, and professional. 
    Writing should be free of spelling and grammatical errors; it should
    conform to current APA style (including any in-text citations).
  • It should include graphs, tables, figures, or images
    illustrating your ideas.
  • There should be a final slide listing references in
    current APA style.
  • The
    bulk of the text should be placed in the Notes pages of each slide. Keep
    the amount of text on the slide, itself, to a minimum
    .
  • You should record an audio file of your oral
    presentation. You should also type the text of the speech you would give
    while showing these slides to an audience should be typed into the Notes
    area.  If you are unable to use the audio feature, the Notes text
    will suffice.
  • You can refer to the Power Point tips document provided
    in the Doc Sharing section of the course.

This is my Literature Review paper:

  • What are
    the Causes & Affects of Person Perception?

  • Abstract

  • What
    is person perception and exactly what causes one person to think certain ways
    about other people? Kendra Cherry, a physiology expert, (2014) states that “In
    social psychology, the term perception refers to the different mental
    processes that we use to form impressions of other people”. People are quick to
    form a perception about someone without even talking to the person. Perceptions
    are formed based on many different variables such as needs, wants, attitudes,
    experiences, and beliefs. After the perception has been formed the person is
    placed into a social category such as wealth, employment, and/or religion.
    After the person has been categorized into a social group the reaction,
    positive or negative, process will begin.

  • These
    perceptions of others cause us to portray certain behaviors and in the long run
    this will affect the way we make decisions. (Cherry, K.
    2014). It is very important that people
    keep a positive attitude when interacting with others so that the perceptions
    of others are not misconstrued or clouded based on fast judgment, social
    categorization, and human reactions. (Bargh, J. A., Chen, M.,
    & Burrows, L. 1996). The purpose for writing this piece is to find out why
    people are so quick to cast judgment upon others and also to attempt to change
    this behavior in myself because I have noticed recently that I am quick to cast
    judgment upon others based on their appearance or based on tattoos, piercing,
    or hair color. It is not fair to judge people at all, but to judge one based on
    their hair color? That is just absurd.

  • The
    Many Different Variables

  • People
    are quick to form a perception or an opinion about someone without even talking
    to the person. Perceptions are formed based on many different variables such as
    wealth, handicap, appearance, clothes, hair (style and/or color), cars, music,
    color (race), etc. If a person is well dressed one will perceive that specific
    person is wealthy or takes good care of themselves. Example: If Billy (an older
    African American male) is seen at a store being very friendly with a known drug
    dealer, people will perceive that Billy is purchasing drugs from this dealer.
    This is the way our eyes perceive the situation, and then we are quick to cast
    our judgment that Billy has a drug problem. “Perceptions are the basis of all
    actions: decisions, judgments, attitudes, emotions, all the choices made by
    individuals, organizations, and communities are based on the perceptions of the
    people involved” (Shaus, R. 2001-2010). All of these variables are also based
    on situation and experience, meaning that most likely two people in the same
    situation will have totally different views of the situation.

  • Rick
    Shaus (2001-2010), provides this great example “Two people can look at a drug
    addict with one seeing a criminal and the other seeing a victim of
    circumstance, a third person could claim to see a case of mental illness and
    according to different frames of judgment, each or all three could be correct”.
    This results from people growing up in different life styles and someone who had
    previously been in a similar situation would be more understanding than someone
    who had never experienced this before. Someone who had never done drugs is more
    likely to look down upon people who use drugs or people who have used drugs in
    their past. People who are raised wealthy have totally different views from
    those who were raised very poor and these different people would also have
    different morals and values they were raised to agree with, but it does not
    take long for one to form an opinion of someone else based on looks, actions,
    or any other variable that may be involved.

  • Labeling
    Social Category

  • After
    the perception has been formed about the person and they have been placed into
    a social category, the reaction process starts. The reaction or labeling can
    either be negative or positive. “Labeling is based on the self-identity and
    behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to
    describe or classify them and it is known to be associated with the concepts of
    self-fulfilling prophecy and stereotyping” (Macionis, J., and
    Gerber, L. 2010). An example of self-fulfilling prophecy is; a teacher who
    thinks a child is slower than the rest of the students may start to cater to
    that child more than usual or ask the child less difficult questions as
    compared to the rest of the class. The teacher does this in hopes of the child
    receiving better grades, but may result in the student getting better grades
    than any other student in class.

  • Stereotyping is known as “a fixed, over
    generalized belief about a particular group or class of people” (Cardwell, M.
    1996). “One advantage of a stereotype is that it enables us to respond rapidly
    to situations because we may have had a similar experience before and one
    disadvantage is that it makes us ignore differences between individuals;
    therefore we think things about people that might not be true (i.e. make
    generalizations)” (Cardwell, M. 1996). Labeling has become so negative recently
    that it has acquired a bad name; from doctors, teachers, parents, and the
    public. Stereotype labeling is the worst type of labeling because it causes one
    to assume things, mostly negative thing, about a certain gender, race, or
    religion.

  • Perceptions
    & Behavior

  • “Behavioral
    potentials set the limits within which our dispositions can vary. And vary they
    do, even for people in the same culture, society, and family” (Hewitt, J.
    1970).  These perceptions of others cause
    us to portray certain behaviors and in the long run this will affect the way we
    make decisions and it will also affect the way our children make decisions. The
    children are our future and the responsibility is in our hands to teach them
    right from wrong and I have learned that having a negative attitude affects
    one’s way of life and happiness, so be as positive as possible in all
    situations. Staying as positive as possible has many benefits such as: “People
    who practice positive thinking are more likely to have less stress, are more
    optimistic believe in themselves and their abilities, believe that the bad things
    that do happen to them are just small setbacks, and they can easily overcome
    anything” (Universe Laws. 2014).

  • People
    of the same culture have the same beliefs and values as one another. They see
    eye-to-eye majority of the time and get along because of this. Some cultures
    reflect negativity towards other cultures and children learn to mimic these
    actions early in life. Some families discipline their children in a negative
    manor and this causes the children to grow up confused and being a rebel
    against anyone with authority. The way we grow up depends on the way we will
    raise our own children, but people have been known to break the cycle by
    putting forth effort to see the wrongdoings and correct them. Example: Long ago
    members of the KKK would walk around performing violent hate crimes and this
    behavior towards African Americans continued for generations. This can cause
    people to cast judgment only based on skin color and a negative perception is
    placed upon this group because of their beliefs and actions. Since this type of
    hatred can be discontinued we should also discontinue our casting judgment so
    fast.

  • Conclusion

  •   To
    sum it all up one’s perception of others or a situation can be altered by what
    the eyes see instead of knowing the situation and evaluating it properly.  One should never form a false perception of
    another based on
    wealth,
    handicap, appearance, clothes, hair (style and/or color), cars, music, color
    (race), employment, and/or religion. These perceptions of others cause us to
    portray certain behaviors and in the long run this will affect the way we make
    decisions. (Cherry, K. 2014). It is very important that people keep a positive attitude
    when interacting with others so that the perceptions of others are not
    misconstrued or clouded based on fast judgment, social categorization, and
    human reactions.

  •   Labeling
    has become overwhelming and should only reflect positive labeling instead of
    negative labeling such as gay, Negro, etc. Stereotype labeling is the worst
    type of labeling because it causes one to assume things, mostly negative thing,
    about a certain gender, race, or religion. We all should refrain from doing
    this because it causes negative reactions all around.

  •   Everyone
    should try to stay positive about all situations all the time. Universe Laws
    (2014) states that “People who are happier have their thoughts aligned to
    what they want, helping manifest desires, improve outcomes, events, and overall
    happiness in life”.  “Start changing how your mind thinks and don’t
    forget that your thoughts control your emotions which can help control the
    events in your life, good or bad” (Universe Laws. 2014). Staying positive
    always has the best results, especially when interacting with others around you
    on a daily basis.

  • References

  • Bargh, J. A., Chen, M., & Burrows,
    L. (1996). Automaticity of social behavior: Direct effects of

  • trait construct and stereotype
    activation on action. Journal of Personality and Social

  • Psychology, 71, 230-244.

  • Cherry, K. (2014). Perception and the
    Perceptual Process. Retrieved from

  • http://psychology.about.com/od/sensationandperception/ss/perceptproc.htm

  • Cherry, K. (2014). Person Perception.
    Retrieved from

  • http://psychology.about.com/od/socialpsychology/a/person-perception.htm

  • Hewitt, John P. Social Stratification
    and Deviant Behavior,
    New York: Random House, 1970.

  • Macionis, J., and Gerber, L. (2010).
    Labeling theory: Social constructionism, Social stigma,

  • Deinstitutionalization, and Labeling.
    Sociology, 7th edition

  • Mencken, H. “Research in Organizational
    Behavior” New York Times, September 8, 2001, p.

  • A1 (Appendix A).

  • S. Milgram, Obedience to Authority (New
    York: Harper & Row, 1974). “Understanding

  • Behavior in the Milgram Obedience
    Experiment: The Role of Personality, Situations, and

  • Their Interactions” Journal of
    Personality and Social Psychology, March 1991, pp. 398–

  • 413.

  • Shaus, R. (2001-2010). Perceptions. Retrieved from

  • http://www.rickshaus.com/docs/opn/thgts/prcptns.htm

  • The Meaning of Perception. (n.d.)
    Visuals. Retrieved from

  • http://www.worldtrans.org/TP/TP1/TP1-9.HTML

  • Universe Laws. (2014). The Benefits of
    Staying Positive. Retrieved from

  • http://www.universelaws.com/the-benifits-of-staying-positive

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