Reward and Punishment, sociology homework help (50 words each)

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ORIGINAL
QUESTION

Reward
and Punishment

In this week’s Discussion, you and your
peers will discuss justice. Justice is concerned with the fair use of rewards
and punishments. You and your peers will discuss some of these issues and
discuss which theory of justice is most logical and ethical.

In addition to your posted answer, be sure
to comment on at least two of your classmates’ posts and participate regularly.
Please see Discussion Expectations in the Course Announcement.

What method of reward and punishment is
used in your family, and how does it fit in with the three theories? Does it
work? Utilize the theories discussed in your reading.

In addition to your posted answer, be sure
to comment on at least two of your classmates’ post and participate regularly.
Responses to others can come in many forms and can include the following:

  • Responding
    to the ideas or details of someone else’s responses.
  • Taking
    a concept from the reading and applying it to life, to the reading itself,
    to your work, or to the questions you’re asked to answer.
  • Helping
    a peer understand a concept from the reading.
  • Sharing
    a story from work or your community that illustrates the reading.
  • Asking
    questions on points you need help understanding.
  • Explaining
    why you answered a question in a specific way.
  • Pointing
    out how different answers took the question in different directions/noting
    a pattern/suggesting an explanation.
  • Developing
    theories to explain patterns you see in the reading.
  • Summarizing
    aspects of the assigned reading and asking for help from your peers in
    figuring out how you would apply this concept in a real world situation.

STUDENT
1 RESPONSE

In my family the approach to justice is
not limited to one single theory.  We use what seems to be a combination
of all three theories.  The restitution theory states that a victim is
compensated usually by the wrong-doer for his transgressions (Thiroux,
2014).  My husband and I require our children to be responsible to those
to whom they have caused harm with apologies and sometimes working off debt
from damaged caused.  Other times a more utilitarian approach is used by
forcing them to give up their time, efforts and money to those in need if it is
a better lesson learned (Thiroux, 2014).  If they behave selfishly, having
them give their time, share their goods, and spend their money on others is a
better lesson for all.  It teaches the kids to be less selfish and allows
them to see the rewards of giving; while the act of giving to others spreads
more care, time, energy, and money to a larger group of people, for instance
volunteering at the food pantry or helping tutor less fortunate students at
school. Although it is rare that we have to resort to the retribution (eye for
an eye) theory, we do occasionally use it (Thiroux, 2014).  When the boys
fight or when they are careless with actions, we do discipline them with the
eye for an eye theory.  If one hits the other then the one hit first gets
to hit back. If one takes something without asking, then the other has the
right to pick something to take that belongs to his brother.  The lesson
there is to ask first, take only what belongs to you, and keep your hands to
yourself.  Using a mixture of the theories works well for our
family.  We have very well behaved boys who rarely get in trouble, use
excellent manners, have great grades and are tremendous role models for others
their age. 
I do not think that any one theory is more logical and justified than the
other.  I think they each have their strong points as well as their
weaknesses just as the ethics theories do.  I believe that different
justice theories have to be considered depending on the severity of the offence
and the value of the reward deserved.  A mild approach would not suit a
murderer just as a harsher approach would not suit a learning child. 

Thank you for taking time to read my
post.  I always love to hear what you have to say.

Warm wintertime wishes,

Reference:

Thiroux, Jacques P., Keith Krasemann. Ethics:
Theory and Practice (Updated Edition), 11th Edition
. Pearson Learning
Solutions, 2014-12-01. VitalBook file.

STUDENT
2 RESPONSE

Hi Professor and Classmates,

I believe that every now and then, there
will be different situations that can change an individual’s perspective on how
to handle a crisis or issue, especially when it pertains to family and friends.
When it comes to my family, we usually handle situations by following a mixture
of these theories. An example of Results theory would be when my younger
cousins would do what they are told by keeping their rooms clean or doing all
of their chores, they would later be rewarded with an allowance or extra TV
time. The same approach would be in effect if they did not do their chores, and
they would not be able to use their electronics or play games.

When it comes to the Compensation theory,
the approach that my family has taken has been really effective and is usually
turned into a learning experience. If one of the cousins were to break their
sibling’s toy or bully one another, then they would have to apologize and give
their favorite toy to the sibling that they hurt. There will be mixed opinions
on how some families solve their differences. Some of them will follow the
Deserts theory, no mater what the consequences are. (Thiroux & Krasemann,
2014). One of my uncle’s believe that if someone says something snarky or tries
to inflict harm, then the same should be done towards them, an “eye for an eye”
approach. Most of these theories have been applied to solve problems, and have
been beneficial in decision-making.

Reference

Thiroux, J. P. & Krasemann, K. W.
(2014) Ethics: Theory and practice, updated edition. Retrieved from https://kaplan.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781323130162/cfi/16!/4/2/34/4/2/2/2@0:0

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